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Knowledge showcases

Neglected infectious diseases

Global vector control response 2017–2030 See more
Plan of Action for the Elimination of Neglected Infectious Diseases and Post-elimination Actions 2016-2022 Publication
Integrating neglected tropical diseases in global health and development See more
Accelerating work to overcome global impact of neglected diseases See more
NTD Roadmap 2030 Disease packs See more
Neglected infectious diseases in the Americas See more
Health Plan for Indigenous Youth in Latin America and The Caribbean See more
Global Health Observatory - Map Gallery See more

Neglected ('forgotten') diseases are a set of infectious diseases, many of them parasitic, that primarily affect the most vulnerable populations. These populations include the poorest of the poor, the most marginalized, and those with the least access to health services, especially impoverished people living in remote rural areas and urban shantytowns. Dealing with these poverty-related diseases requires a more integrated and multi-disease approach that includes multisectoral action, piggy-backed initiatives, and cost-effective interventions to reduce the negative impacts that these diseases have on the health, social, and economic well-being of all people in the Americas.


By 2030, stop the epidemic of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, waterborne diseases and other communicable diseases.

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Neglected diseases and indigenous health

Neglected diseases affect populations already paralyzed by poverty and inequality: women, children, indigenous populations, the poor. Neglected diseases are a consequence of poverty and are loaded with stigma; and they can only be addressed with leadership and a concentrated political-economic effort.

Water, sanitation and hygiene

Safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are essential components of the strategy to combat neglected communicable diseases (NCD) and critical factors in the prevention and provision of care for most NCDs. Many of the pathogens that cause neglected communicable diseases proliferate in areas where water supply and sanitation are inadequate.

Neglected diseases and SDG

SDG 3 specifically prioritizes health - "Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages" - and to guide this effort, it follows the target "3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases".



Vector Control

Strategies related to ecology and vector management, focusing on the development and promotion of guidelines, are based on the principles of integrated vector management. Vector control remains an important component of vector-borne disease prevention and control.

SDG Target 3.3 - Neglected Diseases