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Knowledge showcases

VIH – AIDS

Conteúdo atualizado em: 15/05/2021

Nearly 25 million people live with HIV and worldwide, 1.7 million acquire the virus every year and 770,000 die of AIDS-related illnesses. Even without a vaccine and the possibility of a cure for the infection, today scientific knowledge, new technologies and strategies are sufficient to eliminate AIDS as a public health problem in the next decade, that is, that very few people will be infected, that almost everyone will know their diagnosis, that those who have HIV will have access to antiretroviral drugs to guarantee them a quality life and that they will not die from AIDS-related causes. This means having easy access to rapid HIV testing, mainly by the most affected populations; the adoption in countries of the use of self-testing; the provision of drugs to prevent HIV (e.g. PrEP and PEP), the importance of achieving and maintaining viral load suppression (i = i), the harm reduction approach, the integration of HIV/STI services with decentralized and friendly sexual and reproductive health services, comprehensive sex education, the elimination of discrimination and violence against even people living with HIV and those at highest risk, and respect for human rights.

 

Strengthening governance, strategic planning and information functions

Formulate or update national plans or strategies with respect to HIV and STI infection in order to end the AIDS and STI epidemics as a public health problem, in accordance with global and regional plans and strategies.

 

*Publication: WHO HIV Policy Adoption and Implementation Status in Countries

Strengthening the policy framework for health promotion, prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment of HIV and STIs

* Review and update guidelines and standards for health promotion, prevention, diagnosis, comprehensive care and treatment of STIs, HIV infection and co-infectionsa

* Implement and expand coverage of key interventions for health promotion, prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment of HIV infection

* Implement and expand coverage of key interventions for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of STIs, including the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of syphilis

* Implement strategies for the prevention and control of HIV and STI resistance to antimicrobials

 

Expanded and equitable access to good quality, comprehensive services for HIV infection and STIs

* Increase equitable access to and coverage of combination prevention interventions for HIV/STI infection in key populations

* Improving the quality of care and treatment of HIV infection

* Promoting and strengthening effective civil society participation in health promotion, prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment of HIV and STIs

Increased and improved financing of the response to HIV and STIs, with equity and efficient use of resources to achieve sustainability

* Ensure universal access to HIV and STI prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment services funded by national resources

* Promote efficiency in the purchase of medicines and other strategic products for HIV infection and STI