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Measles – prevention and control

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease, which affects mostly children. It is transmitted via droplets from the nose, mouth, or throat of infected persons. Initial symptoms, which usually appear 10-12 days after infection, include high fever, runny nose, bloodshot eyes, and tiny white spots on the inside of the mouth. Several days later, a rash develops, starting on the face and upper neck and gradually spreading downwards. There is no specific treatment for measles and most people recover within 2-3 weeks. However, particularly in malnourished children and people with reduced immunity, measles can cause serious complications, including blindness, encephalitis, severe diarrhea, ear infection, and pneumonia. Measles can be prevented by immunization.

Source: PAHO | WHO



Scientific and technical information about Measles

General information

Systematic Reviews

Prevention and control

Measles epidemic

Measles and Americas

Global measles and rubella strategic plan 2012-2020


For further information access:

WHO Health Topic: Measles
PAHO Health Topic: Measles 
PAHO/WHO Program: Measles 
WHO Information about measles